National Seminar on Indravijayah–Bharatavarsha Narrative

Report

Vidyavachaspati Pandit Madhusudan Ojha wrote several books to illuminate the intricacies of vedic science. Of these, Indravijayaha, has an important place. In this volume, Ojhaji has explained the historical and geographical contours of Bharatavarsha through vedic and pauranic evidence. The volume presents Ojahji's examination of the nomenclature of Bharatavarsha, its geographical boundaries and armed invasion by non-Aryan slaves. We propose to organise a series of seminars, focusing on the section projecting identifiable parameters of Bharatavarsha. The section has 11 topics--trailokyaprasanga, namadheyaprasanga, seemaprasanga, upadvipaprasanga, lankaprasanga, bharatiyabhashaprasanga, varnmamatrukaprasanga, lipiprasanga, sabhyataprasanga, dharmaprasanga and vidyaprasanga. The first seminar elaborates on trailokya and namadheya prasangs.

Prof. Saroj Kaushal, Jainarain Vyas University, Jodhpur. spoke on trailokyaprasanga or chapter on triadic worlds. She said the book explains three types of trailoks--divyatrailokya, shariratrailokya and bhaumatrailokya. Devatas reside in divyatrailokya. In sharirikatrailokya, the author has imaged three worlds inside human body. Bhaumatrailokya is about three worlds on the earth. The first world in divyatrailokya is prithviloka where fire dominates. Second is dyuloka where Indira in the form of the sun is predominant. Between these two worlds exist antariksha dominated by air. In the triple world connected to body, the area from kidney to navel is prithviloka, heart to throat is dyuloka and the central part is antariksha. In the Bhaumatrailokya, where man lives is prithviloka, the place where devatas reside is dyuloka and the central portion is antariksha where tiryogyoni birds roam.

Prof. Sadashiv Kumar Dwivedi of Kashi Hindu University, Varanasi, said the 11 sections in the first chapter could be understood in a new way. Trailokyaprasanga, namadheyaprasanga and lankaprasanga denote the geographical feature of Bharat. Bhashaprasanga, varnamatrukaprasanga and lipiprasanga highlight the knowledge traditions of Bharat. These underline dharma and civilisational aspects of Bharatavarsha. Vidyaprasanga explains the use of various weapons and projects martial prowess of Bharat.

Prof. Santosh Kumar Shukla, convener, Shri Shankar Shikshayatan and Professor, Sanskirt and Ancient Knowledge Centre, Jawaharlal Nehru University, pointed out that Pandit Madhusudan Ojha has presented four proofs in the nomenclature of Bharatavarsha--from the Vedas, Puranas and popular opinion. In Shatpathbrahmana, he has termed the element of agni as Bharat. In Vishnupurana, the person who looks after his people is Bharat and this Bharat is Manu.

The meeting was organised by Dr Manishankar Dwivedi and Dr Lakshmi Kant Vimal of Shri Shankar Shikshayatan.