Pandit Madhusudan Ojha

From his early days, Pandit Madhusudan Ojha revealed a sharp and intelligent mind. As a result of his hard work and natural brilliance, while he was still young he acquired authority in the complex subjects of vyakarana (grammar) , nyaya (law), literature, Vedanta and philosophy.

At a young age, he became a Professor of Sanskrit at the Maharaja College, Jaipur and later Professor of Vedanta at the Sanskrit College. The then Maharaja of the princely state of Jaipur, Madhao Singh, came to know of his outstanding scholarship and appointed him as a member of his personal staff.

Ojhaji was entrusted with the responsibility of organising and overseeing the private library of the ruler of Jaipur, for he was not only accomplished in the Shastras (religious texts) but also endowed with great insights in administrative matters.

In a brief autobiographical note on Pandit ji published in 1942, mention is made of approximately 125 books authored by him, only few of which are available today. His insights left an indelible mark on all those who had an opportunity to listen or to interact with him.

Ojhaji lived with great simplicity in this world while remaining detached from it. His only commitment was to discover as much as possible about the Vedic sciences and he devoted all his energy in unravelling their mysteries. He continued his studies for 50 years with dedication and devotion, even when his health was declining. His 70th birthday was celebrated in 1937 (vikram samvat 1993). Three years later, after a brief illness, Pandit ji breathed his last. His death was mourned throughout India as the loss of one of her most respected and renowned scholars.

Works by Pandit Madhusudan Ojha


Aashauchapanchika

This is a monumental work by Ojha ji on the subject of aashaucha (loosely translated as impurity). In this book, Ojha ji has explained the true meaning of dharma, its characteristics and effect. Over the ages, due to ignorance about the Vedic terms and lack of knowledge on the part of teachers, humanity has  strayed from the path of dharma. The path of righteous living had become impure. Through this work, Ojhaji has given new insights on how to  reclaim the lost path of dharma.

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Khyati Granth

Pandit Madhusudan Ojha has extensively documented various terms appearing in the Vedic texts in Atrikhyati, Devasura-khyati and Madhav-khyati. These terms include brahma, dharma, yajna, itihas and vedanga. He categorised these books into four—yajna, vijnana, itihas and prakirna. (miscellaneous). Devasurkhyati forms part of his work on itihasa (history). In this work, he has explained the origin of Veda, dharma, praja, trailokya (triple worlds) and loka.

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Bhautik Vigyan

This is a volume on material science authored by Pandit Madhusudan Ojha. This is a Hindi translation. According to him, there are three kinds of material in the world—substance, liquid and vapour. The element whose atoms stick together fall in the substance category. The elements which are liquid in nature fall in the second category. The elements whose atoms remain scattered are vapour material like air and blinding light. These elements have `bala` (force) within them. 

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Brahmavijnana

Brahmavijnana is the only work of Pandit Madhusudan Ojha which  is originally written in Hindi. It is a text of his discourse on Brahma. Brahmavijnana is about all the subjects related to Brahma. Here, Ojhaji has explained in simple terms the meaning of prana or life-force.   

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Vijnanavidyut

The term `vidyut` means illumination. As everything becomes clear in the glare of a lightening in the sky, reading this volume will enable a reader to understand Brahma vijnana easily. Both the original Sanskrit edition and its Hindi translation by Pandit Shivdutt Sharma Chaturvedi are given here.

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Dharmapariksha Panjika

The title of the book explains its contents. The `dharma` in the title refers to virtuous behaviour and `pariksha` means thoughts. This book, in essence, is a text of thoughs on virtuous behavior. This is a Hindi translation. In this compact volume, five subjects of dharma have been explained. What is the origin of dharma? What are the benefits of following dharma?

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Chhandhasameeksha

Pandit Madhusudan Ojha has explained the science of Vedic metre in this volume. `Chandha` is one of the six Vedangas,

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Vedadharmavyakhyanam

This is the collection of Pandit Madhusudan Ojha's talks on dharma and related subject during his foreign travels.

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Jagadguruvaibhavam

Pandit Madhusudan Ojha wrote Jagadguruvaibhavam to expand the meaning and scope of his earlier work, Indravijayah.  In this volume, he expands on the theme of Brahma, underlining the significant importance of Brahma in Creation. He has described different forms of Brahma?

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Vastusamiksha

In this volume, Pandit Madhsudan Ojha has examined `padarth` or `material` in Vedic vijnana. The volume deals with four subjects including padarthvijnana (material science).  Ojhaji has compared modern scientific views with that of Veda vijnana to explain several complex subjects of science. In the context of fire, he has explained the elements of  heat, light and electricity. There is a vivid explanation of heat in this volume wherein Ojhaji has examined `heat` as `energy`. This volume provides a bridge between the modern science and science as enunciated in the Veda.

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Yajnasarasvati

Thisi is part of Pandit Madhusudan Ojha's works on yajna-vijnana. The volume is divided into two parts--somakhanda and agnichayankhanda. In the somakhanda, a detailed but simple explanation of several yajna methods have been given. In the agnichayankhanda, other issues related to yajna have been given with colour illustrations.

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Sharirakavijnana Part One & Part Two

This is an important work on the principles of Vedanta. Influenced to a great extent by Shankaracharya's commentaries on Vedanta, Pandit Madhsudan Ojha has written his own interpretation of the subject. In his work, Ojhaji has clarified several points by Shankaracharya which, otherwise, would have remained difficult to understand. It is in two parts.

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Sharirakavimarsha

Pandit Madhusudan Ojha has given a detailed explanation of `sharirik darshan`or corporeal philosophy. Here, Ojhaji has scientifically explained many concepts. The volume contains an explanation of Brahma, Veda, Veda-dhyan, Vijnana-veda, Shabdamaya-veda, upanishad and philosophy.

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Pathyaasvasti

This volume is part of Pandit Madhusudan Ojha's works on Vedanga-samiksha . In the brahamana texts, vak (speech or sound) has been called pathyaavasti. But vak has several other meanings. The path which sun takes to become visisble to us is the same path taken by earth and this path is also known as pathyaavasti. Since agni is the devata of earth, it is called pathyaavasti in Vedic texts.   In this work, Ojhaji has made a comprehensive examination of speech and its several components and characteristics as given in the Vedic texts.

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Manvantaranirdhara

In this volume, Ojhaji has written on kaala or time and various dimensions of time.

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Maharshikulavaibhavam

As the title itself suggests, this volume extols the virtues of maharshis (great sages) and their clan. The book gives a detailed explanation of the term `rishi`, their history along  with a scientific analysis of the concept.

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Chhandobhyasta

This is a volume on yajna-vijnana or the science of yajna. Here, Ojhaji has elucidated upon all subjects related to yajna. It is written in Vedic language and deals with havi (offerings), mahayana, atiyajna, shiroyajna and yajnaparishisht.

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Brahmasamanvya

Pandit Madhusudan Ojha has offered several commentaries on the subject of creation. He has examined  the ten  discourses on the subject and has listed principles behind each of the viewpoints. The title of the book is derived from the fact that Brahma  is present in every particle of the universe. Examination of this fundamental phenomenon forms the core of this volume.

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Brahmachatushpadi

Extremely difficult subjects need to be repeated and presented from different perspectives for a better grasp. Brahma-vijnana (science of the creator) is one such knowledge which requires several interpretations. Hence there are  many works on different aspects of Brahma-vijnana. Two of them are Brahmachatushpadi and Brahmasamanvya (given below).  In this  volume, several aspects of creation have been explained.

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Brahmavinaya

In this volume, Pandit Madhusudan Ojha has explained the concept of chatushpad Brahma. Given here are four aspects —paratpar,  avyaya, akshara and kshkara. However, Ojhaji has included an additional aspect which he called nirvishesh, considered even higher than paratpar.

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Brahmasiddhanta

This volume deals with the establishment of brahmavad by Brahma, practical aspects of Brahma, practical aspects of Maya and the outcome of the interaction between Brahma and Maya.  The first book listed here is the Hindi translation of Ojhaji’s book by Devidut Pandit Chaturvedi and the second one contains a commentary on the subject by Giridhar Sharma Chaturvedi in Sanskrit.     

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Vaigyanikopaakhyana And Vaidikopaakhyana

This volume contains several anecdotal historical accounts. The work is divided into two sections. The Vaigyanikopakhyan deals with the story of Prajapati Kashyapa’s wives, Katu and Vinta, and their offsprings.  In the Vaidikopakhyana, saplagni vak, agniduthopakhyan, apatyopakhyan and devayajnopakhyan are examined.-

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Svargasandesha

This is a concise work on svarga or heaven. Ojhaji has dealt with various classifications of svarga, like bhaumasvarga, pitrasvarga and devasvarga and has underlined their meaning and difference on the basis of different shastras.

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Sandhyapaasanaarahasyam

This volume explains the daily ritual of sandhyopasana or evening prayer. What is the importance of the evening prayer? What are the reasons for carrying out rituals like ardhyapradhan, suryopasthapan, pranayam? What is the spiritual basis for these rituals? Ojhaji has explained these and many other questions related to the evening prayer in a scientific manner.

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Panchabhootasameeksha

Earth, water, air, sky and fire are considered as five elements of life But are they the basic elements? This was the theme of a discussion organised at the Banaras Hindu University in 1935. Here, various scholars presented their divergent views on the subject. Ojhaji was one of the speakers at the meeting and this is the collection of his views on the subject. Such compelling was his argument that these indeed were the basic elements of life that the conference readily accepted the proposition.

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Devatanivit

This is an important work on the subject of devatas under the category of yajna. The book, like others in the series, help understand the meaning of Vedic terminology.

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Aadhidaivikadyay

In this work, Pandit Madhusudan Ojha has unravelled the true meaning of terms like `devata` (deity), `pitr` (paternal ancestors) and `rishi` (sage) etc, as given in the Vedas. These Vedic definitions had been lost for several generations before Ojhaji decided to study the Vedas. 

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